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When you take a photo of yourself in your house and then post it via Facebook or twitpic, you assume that no one will really know where you are taking that picture. Well, you may be wrong. Social media security is in a very nascent development stage. There are a number of theats already to social media such as malicious applications in Facebook or trojans in shortened URLs that the average user does not know about or where to turn to for advice. A new threat could be giving up your location when you post a picture from inside your house. A team of scientists dicovered that with some smartphones, a user’s latitude and longitude can be attached tothe picture you post in the metadata. That’s pretty scary. See the news story ” Tips to Turn Off Geo-Tagging on Your Cell Phone”  (http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/celebrity-stalking-online-photos-videos-give-location/story?id=11443038) “Many people are not aware of the fact that there are geotags in photos and videos,” said Gerald Friedland, one of the scientists. A website that has been setup to show the dangers of this capability is www.icanstalku.com. So what can you do about this? Do you want to be stalked?  ON the IPhone, go to Settings, General, then Location Services and disable the applications you do not want to use Geo-tagging, such as Camera. Regards Gary Bahadur www.kraasecurity.com blog.kraasecrity.com 888-572-2911
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Employers are constantly hearing of social media this and social media that. When your employees go on break or eat lunch, they are usually on their cell phones talking. But, now there are also applications on phones like Facebook, Twitter, FourSquare and others where an employee can actually send photo uploads while being mobile and even post to Facebook automatically. Are employees using social media securely? Does your company have anything in place for protecting confidentiality through social media usage? Do you have a Social Media Security Policy? Employees sign agreements when joining the company but did the business cover disclosing things like pictures or private conversations and even meeting information via Google Buzz or Facebook? What about brand new products being developed that are trade secrets? If your employees are online working to do their job and Facebook, MySpace, or gaming sites like Pogo are not blocked, how do you know they are doing their work 100% of the time? Just because their production numbers look great, doesn’t mean they are not slacking. Have you done a Social Media Security Assessment? It is becoming an epidemic in the work force with employees breaking rules and ultimately being fired every day. If security monitoring technologies are in place you could possibly sue the former employee but your trade secrets are gone and so might be your reputation. If an employee is bad-mouthing your company and tells everyone to not buy or shop with you, there goes your business immediately. You can make a legal policy for employees to sign when they start their job that they will not talk, disclose, or say anything bad about the company on social media sites. If businesses do not step up soon and do something it can be a total free for all! Here are a few interesting facts to consider. One out of every ten employees admitted overriding their job’s security system so they could access restricted sites. In 2009, 24% of eight hundred employers surveyed said they had to discipline an employee for using social media sites. Another study showed 8% of employees were terminated for accessing Facebook out of two hundred businesses polled. Twenty eight thousand people were polled in the United Kingdom at the beginning of 2010 and a whopping 87% said they can do what they want; it is their right to do so. It is now believed that social networking will replace email by 2014 as the main way to communicate for 20% of all business owners or users. Is your company prepared for Secure Social Media? Gary Bahadur CEO KRAA Security, baha@kraasecurity.com http://www.kraasecurity.com http://blog.kraasecurity.com http://twitter.com/kraasecurity *Managed Security Services *Vulnerability Management *Compliance & Police Development *PGP Security *Free Website Security Test
Social media sites have gained popularity in the past ten years as a medium to keep in contact with loved ones, business associates and friends. However, there can be drawbacks to the usage of said media when one is employed in certain career fields, such as the healthcare industry. Utilizing social media networks can inadvertently give way to the sharing of confidential patient information with people that may not have a need to know which would then cause the company to violate HIPAA Security Rule compliance. Social media applications are not just a part of one’s personal lifestyle; this has also become incorporated in the corporate climate. Many places use these applications for marketing, file sharing, communication, and employee recruitment. While these applications can open up a great many doors of communication, some type of guidance or governance is necessary. Because banning the use of such sites is most likely unenforceable or impractical, a hospital or other such entity that must shield private information should at least ask or force their employees to adhere to some Social Media Policy guidelines. For instance, when utilizing social networking sites, one should use separate passwords for the different sites, as an individual can easily hack all of one’s accounts if they know the one password. A security breach of one account could snowball. Passwords should be complex and change every 90 days. Accessing social media sites should be over SSL and only from trusted network connections, not coffee shops especially for business purposes! In the case of company documents or patient information, if it isn’t found on the company’s web page it probably should not be posted elsewhere. There are sites that exude a feeling of privacy and security, but are far from it. Allowing one’s corporate information security team to determine what sites are acceptable is the best option. Another thing one should not do is post his or her own identifying information publicly, such as date of birth, his or her social security number, or an employee ID number. If a site requires this information, 1) it is most likely not a reputable site, and/or 2) one could make something up or ensure that it is not going to be displayed in a profile that will be public. Some information may not be considered confidential; yet not posting these items to public social media sites is probably a good idea. This can include anything from rumors, to purchases the company plans on making, anything about the technology one’s company uses or will use, and any projects the individual may be working on. So in one’s personal endeavors, it is most beneficial to all involved if confidential information, or information that could be considered secret, stays out of the hands of the public. Follow practical posting guidelines and do not share more information than is necessary in corporate social media activities. Gary Bahadur CEO KRAA Security, baha@kraasecurity.com http://www.kraasecurity.com http://blog.kraasecurity.com http://twitter.com/kraasecurity *Managed Security Services *Vulnerability Management *Compliance & Police Development *PGP Security *Free Website Security Test
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Is there such a thing as Social Media Warfare? We have had cyber warfare going on for years now. So it should be an obvious “YES” that Social Media warfare exists. But is that true?  To get to a full blown war opposing sides go through an escalation process. Where are we in this process? From a pure cyber warfare perspective, we are in world war three, many opposing sides, lots of new and improved weapons, completely escalating attacks and no end in sight. Companies are used to conducting vulnerability management and risk assessment. This new war will require new tactics and defense strategies. I think we have seen the first skirmishes of the war. It started with all the spammers morphing their tools into Facebook and Twitter hacking. Then moving into phishing. Then into negative attacks on your reputation by disgruntled customers and competitors. So what is the progression of this coming war? Is there a similarity to how “normal” cyber  warfare started? But why is this war inevitable? The attack vectors in the Social Media War are probably categorized into personal use and corporate use. If these are the assets that needs to be protected, we can then figure out how the assets will be attacked, how will the enemies do reconnaissance, what alliances will be formed and what should be the defense strategies and weapons for defense. The progression of of this war will follow different patterns and there is probably no end in sight.
Action Personal Corporate
Skirmish Home users receiving spam and phishing attacks and scams Corporate users seeing more phishing attacks, attackers going through Linkedin profiles
Protest Actions Users might complain to attorney generals, or write nasty messages about Microsoft Adobe or Apple security weaknesses The IT department is inundated with help desk calls. Companies have the ability to complain to ISPs or event countries about originating attacks.
Negotiations There really isn’t anyone to negotiate with. Writing on your Facebook wall will not do a darn thing. Companies definitely do not want to negotiate. But will see blackmail more and more.
Failed Negotiations The home user is bascially screwed anyway. Succumbing to blackmail will only lead down a bad path.
Declaration of War This is a defacto state with the home user. They are at war whether they know it or not. Companies have to take a proactive approach to security versus reactive. Anticipate the next types of attacks and have a budget to address it.
Launch Attacks and Defend More defend, get your anti-spyware, antivirus, personal firewalls and encryption up to speed. But after that, understand how attackers use Social Media. Spend massive amounts of money on understanding how so fight in the Social media landscape, security hardware and software are not enough.
Allies Join the War The home user can only rely on the Social media companies for basic security. Their will be more collaboration between companies and governments. Perhaps together they have a fighting chance. Regulations are also going to force changes.
Years of Conflict – Never Ending Whats the next thing after Facebook and Twitter? Whatever it is will have its own security challenges. But by that time the home user will probably have given out every bit of personal information on all the Social Media venues anyway. A company can only rely on the right process to secure their social media usage. As technologies change and new sites go live, a good process and social media security policy is all you can rely on.
Winner The ISP, they get to sell bandwidth. The VCs who fund companies like Facebook and Twitter.
I will get into more tactics in the coming war in future posts. Gary Bahadur CEO KRAA Security,  baha@kraasecurity.com http://www.kraasecurity.com http://blog.kraasecurity.com http://twitter.com/kraasecurity *Managed Security Services *Vulnerability Management *Compliance & Policy Development *PGP Security *FREE Website Security Test
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Social Media Policy

Social Media has become part of the user community several years ago. Today we have social media in the corporate environment. The main problem we have is how social media has evolved. It has been a bottom up approach. By bottom up I mean that the consumer has determined how to use a technology and the corporation is playing catch up. But the social norms that are appropriate for a consumer “product” are not appropriate in a corporate environment.    
 
Social media usage is being retrofitted into the corporate environment. But the consumer is already used to using social media in an insecure, “information must be free” manner. Employees who have been used to giving up all their information in places such as Facebook and Twitter must now be retrained to use social media in a whole different manner to meet corporate standards. (Assuming we have a corporate standard for social media security)  
But what is a corporate standard for using social media in an appropriate fashion that does not put the company at risk? Corporations have not made a concerted effort to define that secure social media strategy, or even a strategy for training their employees in the “correct” use of social media.
 

Social Media Policy Infrastructure

What is a good starting point for implementing a social media policy? Here is a basic guideline.   
1) Define a policy – You cannot assume employees will do the right thing without guidance. You already have things like Expense Policies, Acceptable Use Policies, Internet Use Policies. Write a basic guideline. What’s in that guideline will vary from company to company.  
 2) Information Classification – You have to explicitly define what information can be shared and what information should not be Tweeted, FaceBooked, BlibbedBlabbaded (I made that up)about. If your employees do not know how valuable information is that you cannot blame them for inadvertently being sucked into the blogosphere. (I am not sure blogosphere is yet a word, but who cares)3) Keep It professional – If you allow your employees to Socialize (that a word with any meaning here?) information about your company, you have to give them standards to follow. Things like cursing, grammar mistakes, casual conversation style discussions might not be the image you want to portray when discussing anything related to your company. 4) Tracking and Monitoring – If you are going to have a policy for anything, you have to have a mechanism for tracking compliance, reporting on activity and have consequences for breaking that policy. How much tweets that are over the line makes you bring an employee before HR? What is a firing Facebook picture offense? This is a very abbreviated start. In later posts I will define more aspects of a social media policy. But let’s get the conversation started about the necessity for this as a standard policy in every organization, both large and small.  
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